CHRONOLOGY OF THE HISTORY OF
Everything You Need to Know About Kuala Lumpur.
Kuala lumpur had its humble beginning when it founded in 1875.when Raja Abdullah, a member of Selangor royal family, opened up part of the Klang Valley for tin prospectors, a new settlement started as Chinese prospectors went up the Klang River and began prospecting in the Ampang area, which was then jungle. The settlement was located on the bank of a ‘muddy confluence’ between the Gombak and Klang rivers, creating the early foundation of the city,Clearing the land caused mosquitoes to bread,leaving a small number of tin miners to survive to see the thriving tin mining town become established.It attracted merchants and and tranders to come and set up shops at the confluence of the Klang and Gombak rivers. Thus,the town was born.
The British, who ruled Malaya at the time, realized the need to appoint a leader, that is Chinese Kapitan, to restore law and order, as well as administering the town, hence the appointment of Hiu Siew as the first Kapitan. In the early years when the town began to develop, the conflict between Selangor princes over the revenue of tin mines never lasted but worsened, causing civil wars. There was another fight between Kapitan Yap Ah Loy, the third kapitan, and Chong Chong, who wanted the kapitanship. Kapitan Yap and his backers, Tengku Kudin, won the fight and it was from then that Kuala Lumpur became the foremost city of Selangor. Under his strong leadership, peace was restored and Kuala Lumpur transformed from sleepy mining town into a vibrant commercial trading hub. At the same time, he encouraged Malay farmers to settle near Kuala Lumpur to ensure a steady and accessible source of food.
In view of its strategic location ,Kuala Lumpur was made the capital of Selangor, replacing Klang. It was largely due to Kapitan Yap’s success in maintaining law and order effectively that ensured Kuala Lumpur to become the centre of commerce in Selangor
The first and subsequent flood brought great damage to Kuala Lumpur as most of its building structures were made of wood or thatch. Consequently, Kapitan Yap decided to rebuild the town using bricks and tiles. He established Kuala Lumpur’s fist school and a shelter for the homeless, then licensed brothels, casinos and saloon bars. At this time Sir Frank Swettenham was appointed Resident of Selangor and under his rule, the city continued to prosper after Kapitan Yap’s death in 1885.
Kuala Lumpur sustained further growth after the completion of the first railway linking it to Port Klang in 1896.
Kuala Lumpur was made the capital in 1896 when the Federated Malay States (FMS) were incorporated with Swettenham, the resident- General, in charge.The evolution of Kuala Lumpur to the classic epitome of British colonialism and the oppression of British imperialism caused local nationalists to burn with their owm dreams of independence.
Japanese occupied Kuala Lumpur for 44 months,from January 11, 1942 to august 15, 1945 and it almost halted the economy of Kuala Lumpur.
General Seishiro Itagaki, the general of Japanese Military Administratives, surrendered to the British in Kuala Lumpur after Nagasaki and Hiroshima were attacked with atomic bombs, causing massive destruction on both the major cities, After the fall of Japanese, the British returned to Kuala Lumpur.
The British officially declared Malayan union administrate Malaya and Kuala Lumpur in King’s house on 1 April 1946.
The first election was held in Kuala Lumpur and few other cities on February 1952. United Malay National Organization-Malaysian Chinese Association joint party won 9 seats out of 12 seats.
At the stroke of midnight on 31 August 1957, The fist Malayan flag was raised on the ground of Merdeka Square and Tunku Abdul Rahman Putra Al-Haj, the first Prime Minister, declared independence in stadium Merdeka.
Violent and bloody civil unrest that exploded as a result of racial tensions finally subsided after negotiations were made to bring the nation’s people together as one.
Kuala Lumpur was conferred city status on February 1, 1972.
After being detached from its mother state of Selangor, Kuala Lumpur was made into a unit of its own called the Federal Territory.
Fast Facts About Malaysia
The Federation of Malaysia comprises Peninsula Malaysia, the states of Sabah and Sarawak on the island of Borneo (also known as East Malaysia), and deep-sea anchorage Labuan.
27.17 million (1.4 million within Kuala Lumpur city) (7.2 million within Greater Kuala Lumpur/Klang Valley)
Malays who make up about 57% of the population are the predominant group. Chinese, Indians and other ethnic groups make up the rest.
Bahasa Malaysia is the national language and English is widely spoken. Most Malaysians can speak at least three languages including Mandarin and Tamil. The ethnic groups also speak various languages and dialects.
Tropical climate with warm weather all year round. Temperatures in the lowlands range from 21°C (70°F) to 32°C (90°F). The highlands are cooler, where temperatures range between 15°C (59° F) to 25°C (77°F). Annual rainfall varies from 2,000mm to 2,500mm.
The unit of currency is Malaysian Ringgit, indicated as ‘RM’. Foreign Exchange Booths are common and clearly state the exchange rate for all major currencies.
Eight hours ahead (+8) of GMT and 16 hours ahead (+16) of U.S. Pacific Standard Time.